Thursday, 23 October 2014

Computer Radiation: Excessive Exposure to Computer Radiation and Heat


The amount of time the average person spends in contact with electronic devices is growing every day. The majority of middle-class Americans own a computer and a cellphone not to mention a myriad of other devices such as tablets, microwaves, and televisions, etc. In fact, according to the New York Times, 54% of Americans aged 18 to 30 own a minimum of one laptop. Needless to say, these devices are so integral to modern life that interaction with them on a daily basis is seemingly inevitable. This reality makes the idea of computer radiation that much more alarming; particularly radiation from one’s laptop, which is used for both work and leisure and often comes into close contact with one’s body.

In significant enough doses, computer radiation can have a myriad of negative effects on the body such as; fertility issues with both men and women, DNA fragmentation (irreversible changes to the genetic code), skin burns and rashes as well as other serious health conditions. The dangers from computer radiation come from both thermal and low-energy non-ionizing radiation, which stems from the computer’s internal functions and Wi-Fi connection.

Exposure to heat radiation from computers poses a significant danger if  it is excessive. As previously stated, prolonged use of laptop computers is common, and therefore dangers to one’s health from computer radiation are quite real. Among the biggest risks is the possible damage to fertility if laptops are placed on a male’s lap for hours per day. Extended exposure to thermal computer radiation may not only decrease sperm count, but it can also cause severe irritation of the skin. As far as other laptop radiant energy is concerned, electromagnetic radiation is the other primary focus for concerned individuals. Exposure to large amounts of electromagnetic radiation can cause meaningful damage to healthy cells and chromosome damage.
Dangers posed by computer radiation come from excess exposure to electromagnetic radiation and thermal computer radiation from internal computer components. Although there are competing studies as to how serious the dangers may be, tech users can never be too careful. In order to protect oneself from possible negative side effects of computer radiation, there are effective solutions such as The DefenderPad laptop radiation shield that mitigate possible health damage.

Majibu ya Jaji Warioba Katiba Mpya

  •   Imezingatia asilimia 20 tu ya maudhui ya Tume
  •   Masharti ya mgombea binafsi hayatekelezeki
  •   Kura ya maoni kabla ya uchaguzi mkuu haiwezekani
  •   Muundo wa Muungano umeiweka Zanzibar pabaya zaidi
  •   Ni vigumu Rais wa Muungano kutoka Zanzibar
  •   Madaraka ya Bunge kuisimamia Serikali yamemomonyolewa
  •   Hakuna anakoenziwa Nyerere, maadili yametupwa

Aliyekuwa Mwenyekiti wa Tume ya Mabadiliko ya Katiba, Jaji Joseph Warioba, amesema muundo wa Muungano uliopendekezwa kwenye Katiba pendekezwa ‘una utata mkubwa’ hasa baada ya kupunguza mambo ya Muungano na kwamba kunaipa nguvu Serikali ya Jamhuri ya Muungano kuwa Serikali ya Tanganyika.

Alisema muundo wa serikali mbili hauwezi kuendelea kwa sababu haiwezekani kuwa na serikali ya Jamhuri ya Muungano, isiyovuka bahari.

Akizungumza na NIPASHE ofisini kwake Oysterbay jijini Dar es Salaam jana, Jaji Warioba alisema pia kwamba haoni kama Wazanzibari watakubali kuipitisha Katiba pendekezwa kwa kuwa Ibara ya 294 inataka Katiba ya Zanzibar ifanyiwe marekebisho ili iwiane na Katiba ya Jamhuri ya Muungano. 

Alisema wananchi wa pande zote walieleza namna kero za Muungano kwa kina na ndiyo maana Tume yake ikapendekeza muundo wa Serikali tatu kama mwarobaini wa matatizo hayo.

MALALAMIKO YA ZANZIBAR
Alisema malalamiko makubwa kutoka Zanzibar ilikuwa kwamba; la kwanza, wanaona Tanganyika imevaa koti la Muungano kwamba kwa hali ilivyo, wanaofaidi Muungano ni Tanganyika.

Pili, walisema kuongezeka kwa mambo ya Muungano kunapunguza mamlaka ya Zanzibar kusimamia mambo yake.Tatu, kufuatana na makubaliano ya hati ya Muungano, rais wa Zanzibar awe makamu wa rais.

“Katika haya, Bunge Maalum limekubali kupunguza mambo ya Muungano; kwa hiyo katika orodha mpya mambo yote ya uchumi yameondolewa kwenye orodha ikiwa ni pamoja na biashara, mikopo ya nje, takwimu, utafiti na kwamba hata sensa haitakuwa mambo ya Muungano.”

Jaji Warioba alisema sensa ndiyo msingi wa mipango ya maendeleo, lakini sasa baada ya kuondolewa kwenye Muungano, kila upande utashughulikia sensa yake na pia Zanzibar wameridhika na sasa watasimamia uchumi wake kikamilifu na pili imekubalika rais wa Zanzibar atakuwa Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania.

“Mimi naamini, mabadiliko haya hayataisaidia Zanzibar kwa sababu kwa kuondoa mambo yote ya uchumi, Zanzibar ikasimamia mambo yake maana yake ni kwamba serikali ya Muungano itakuwa inasimamia mambo ya Tanganyika tu ndiyo hapo Tanganyika itakuwa imevaa koti la muungano,” alisema Jaji Warioba.

Aliongeza: “Haiwezekani ukasema una serikali ya muungano ambayo haivuki bahari na ndivyo ilivyo sasa na ndiyo yalikuwa malalamiko kwa sababu Serikali ya Muungano haivuki bahari.”

Alisema wananchi wa Bara wanajua kwamba mambo yote yanayowahusu yanashughulikiwa na serikali ya Muungano ikiwamo elimu, afya, maji, barabara na mambo mengine wakati sivyo ilivyo kwa wananchi wa Zanzibar.

“Kwa wananchi wa Zanzibar hakuna hata moja kati ya haya linashughulikiwa na Serikali ya Muungano.”

Alitoa mfano kwamba ndio maana hata kama Waziri wa Ujenzi au wa Uchukuzi wa Bara, hata kama angekuwa ni mtendaji mzuri kiasi gani, hawezi kwenda Zanzibar.

“Hujaona Waziri anavuka kwenda Zanzibar kufanya kazi. Utawaona kwa mfano Magufuli anafanya kazi sana huwezi kumsikia amevuka kwenda Zanzibar. Mwakyembe atatembelea bandari ya Dar es Salaam, lakini hujamsikia amevuka kwenda Zanzibar; kwa sababu Serikali ya Muungano haina madaraka Zanzibar.”

Alisema: “Kwa hiyo huwezi kusema una serikali ya Muungano ambayo haina madaraka upande wa Zanzibar.”Pili, hii serikali ndiyo inayo hodhi sovereignty, sovereignty ya nchi iko chini ya serikali ya Muungano, ndiyo inayojulikana duniani kwamba serikali ya Tanzania ni Serikali ya Muungano. 

Alisema rasilimali za Bara ndizo rasilimali za Serikali ya Muungano, hivyo hata inapotaka kukopa hutumia rasilimali hizo na kwamba itakopa kwa ajili ya Bara na kutafuta rasilimali kwa ajili ya Bara pia bila kuhitaji kibali chochote.

Alisema kwa upande wa Zanzibar ni kinyume chake, kwa kuwa haina haki ya kukopa bila kupitia Serikali ya Muungano.

Alisema hiyo ni kwa sababu rasilimali za Zanzibar haziko chini ya serikali ya Muungano hivyo ili ikubali kukopa kwa ajili ya Zanzibar lazima itake dhamana na kwamba hata katika Katiba pendekezwa, Zanzibar itaendelea kuwa na tatizo hilo.

Kuhusu Rais wa Zanzibar kuwa Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano, alisema wakati waasisi wa Taifa walipokuwa wanaunganisha vyama vya Afro-Shiraz na Tanu, waliunganisha mambo mengi yaliyolenga kuunda Serikali ya Muungano.

“Kabla ya hapo kulikuwa na rais na makamu wawili; Makamu mmoja ambaye alikuwa makamu wa kwanza alikuwa Rais wa Zanzibar na Waziri Mkuu. Tukasema ukifanya hivi hutaunganisha nchi, ni lazima anayemsaidia rais amsaidie kwa nchi nzima.” 

Alisema baada ya kubaini ugumu huo, marekebisho ya Katiba ya Jamhuri ya Muungano ya mwaka 1977, yaliondoa nafasi za makamu wawili wa rais na kuweka sharti kwamba rais akitoka upande mmoja wa muungano, makamu wake atoke upande wa pili.

Alitoa mfano kwamba wakati ule, rais wa Jamhuri alikuwa Hayati Mwalimu Julius Nyerere (Bara) na Makamu wake akawa Rais wa Zanzibar na wakafuta Waziri Mkuu asiwe makamu wa rais.

Alisema mwaka 1984, upande wa Bara ulidhani Waziri Mkuu atakuwa ni nafasi ya Bara peke yao na wakaamua kuirudisha kwamba naye awe Makamu wa Rais. 

Alisema alipoteuliwa kushika wadhifa huo nafasi hiyo mwaka 1985 ilikuwa imerudishwa, lakini mwaka 1992, walibaini kwamba maamuzi hayo yalirudisha nyuma azma ya Muungano, hivyo wakaamua kumwondoa Waziri Mkuu kwenye wadhifa wa Makamu wa Rais kwa nia ya kutoa fursa kwa viongozi hao watoke upande wowote wa Muungano.

Alisema kurudisha makamu wa rais watatu kunafanya wakati wote Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano atoke Bara.Ibara ya 99 ya Katiba pendekezwa inaeleza kuwa kutakuwa na Makamu wa Rais watatu ambao watakuwa:

(a) Makamu wa Kwanza wa Rais;
(b) Rais wa Zanzibar ambaye atakuwa Makamu wa Pili wa Rais; na (c) Waziri Mkuu ambaye atakuwa Makamu wa Tatu wa Rais.

“Kwa sababu haiwezekani kwamba ukawa na marais wawili; Rais wa Zanzibar na Rais wa Jamhuri wote wanatoka upande mmoja na hasa kwa kuwa huyu Rais wa Muungano anashughulikia zaidi mambo ya Bara; kwa utaratibu huu ni kwamba utafanya haitawezekana tena kupata rais kutoka Zanzibar.”

Alisema Zanzibar pia haitaweza kutoa Waziri Mkuu kwa kuwa makamu watatu wanaliopendekezwa mmojawapo ni mgombea mwenza ambaye lazima atoke Zanzibar kwa kuwa rais atatoka Bara, mwingine ni Rais wa Zanzibar na mwingine ni Waziri Mkuu ambaye haitawezekana naye akatoka Zanzibar.

Alisema kwa utaratibu huo, kama taifa tunarudi nyuma kwa kuwa ile dhana ya kiongozi atoke upande wowote ule kiuhalisia haitawezekana.

“Kwa hiyo kwa kufanya hivi mimi sioni kama Zanzibar wamepata faida yoyote.”

Alisema katika mambo ya Muungano, suala la kodi ya mapato yanayolipwa na watu binafsi na mashirika, ushuru wa forodha na ushuru wa bidhaa amabzo zimekuwa za Muungano.
Alisema mgogoro wa kwanza kuhusu Muungano ulitokana na masuala ya mapato na sababu zake zinaeleweka.

“Zanzibar imepewa mamlaka kuendesha uchumi wake, kwa hiyo ni lazima iwe na mapato. Vyanzo vikubwa vya mapato ni hivi vilivyotajwa; kodi ya mapato, ushuru wa bidhaa na ushuru wa forodha. Huwezi kuipa madaraka kisha ukainyang’anya uwezo wa kifedha hiyo ndiyo inayoleta mgogoro.”

Alisema mwaka 1977 iliamuliwa kwamba kodi hizo zinazopatikana Zanzibar zisiletwe kwenye serikali ya Muungano na kwamba ndivyo ilivyo hadi sasa.

Alisema Zanzibar haitaweza kujiendesha bila kodi kwa kuwa nusu ya mapato yao yanatokana na kodi hizo na kwamba mapendekezo yaliyopo kwenye Katiba hayatatekelezeka.

“Na Zanzibar watalikataa. Mimi nadhani hapa wamekosea (BMK). Tume ilipendekeza ushuru wa bidhaa ndiyo iwe kodi ya Muungano kwa sababu kwa upande wa Bara ndio chanzo cha pili kwa ukubwa.”

Alisema mwaka 2012/13; ushuru wa bidhaa uliingizia Bara mapato ya Sh. trilioni 1.3 lakini Zanzibar ilikusanya Sh. bilioni 11 na kwamba fedha hiyo ni kidogo ambayo Zanzibar ingeweza kuchangia kwa kuzingatia kuwa masuala mengi ya Muungano yapo zaidi Bara kama jeshi.

“Matatizo ya Zanzibar hasa kuhusu mikopo na misaada yatakuwa makubwa zaidi. Uhuru wa mahusiano wa mahusiano ya kikanda na kimataifa nao utakuwa mdogo; Zanzibar haiwezi kuwa mwanachama wa Jumuiya ya Afrika Mashariki, Umoja wa Afrika, Sadc, OIC, UN na mashirika yake, kwani uanachama unahitaji sovereignty,” alisema.

MALALAMIKO YA BARA
Alisema wakati wa kukusanya maoni, wananchi wengi wa Bara walilalamikia mabadiliko makubwa ya Katiba ya Zanzibar kwamba imeingilia Katiba ya Muungano kwa kuwa sheria zinazopitishwa na Bunge la Jamhuri haziwezi kutumika Zanzibar bila kuidhinishwa na Baraza la Wawakilishi.

Pili, alisema wananchi wa Bara hawana haki ya kumiliki ardhi Zanzibar na pia hawana haki ya kuchaguliwa au kupiga kura; wakati ni kinyume chake kwa wananchi wanaotoka Zanzibar ambao wanaishi Bara.

Kadhalika, Mahakama ya Rufani haina madaraka Zanzibar, mashauri yanayotokana na haki za binadamu na Mahakama za Kadhi. Pia Katiba ya Zanzibar inavitambua visiwa hivyo kama nchi kamili.

Hata hivyo, alisema inawezekana wajumbe wa BMK walikubaliana ndani ya Bunge mambo kadhaa ambayo hawakutaka kuyaweka hadharani hasa suala la kuirekebisha Katiba ya Zanzibar.

Ibara ya 294 ya Katiba pendekezwa inaeleza kuhusu mambo ya mpito ikiwamo:

(a) kurekebisha Katiba ya Zanzibar ya Mwaka 1984 ili kuwiana na masharti ya Katiba ya Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania ya Mwaka 2014;

(b) kutunga na kurekebisha sheria mbalimbali za Jamhuri ya Muungano, sheria ambazo si za Muungano zinazohusu Tanzania Bara na sheria za Zanzibar ili kuwiana na masharti ya Katiba ya Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania ya Mwaka 2014.

“Kwa kuwa ardhi imeingizwa kwenye Katiba basi Zanzibar italazimika kubadili sheria yake ili raia wote wawe na haki sawa. Pia sheria za uchaguzi nazo zitabadilika ili raia wote wawe na haki za kiraia. Kama mabadiliko hayo yamekubalika Zanzibar basi wananchi wa Tanzania Bara hawatakuwa na malalamiko yoyote ya msingi,” alisema.

Jaji Warioba aliongeza: “Tatizo ninaloliona mimi ni ugumu wa kufanya mabadiliko haya. Katika taarifa ya Tume tulisema kama kuna jambo ambalo tuliona Wanzanibari wameungana ni Zanzibar kuwa nchi. Ili mabadiliko yafanyike kwenye Katiba ya Zanzibar ni lazima yapatikane maridhiano, pasipo na maridhiano Baraza la Wawakilishi halitapata kura za kutosha kupitisha marekebisho.”

“Hali itakuwa ngumu zaidi kwenye kura ya maoni kama Katiba ya Zanzibar inavyotaka. Kazi kubwa ipo katikakusuluhisha makundi ya Zanzibar kwa suala hili. Uhasama unaoonyeshwa hadi sasa unatia wasiwasi, kama marekebisho hayatafanywa, Katiba inayopendekezwa itabaki ni Katiba ya Tanganyika; Zanzibar itabaki ni nchi yenye mamlaka na madaraka makubwa na Tanganyika ndiyo itakuwa Muungano.”

CHANZO: NIPASHE

Wednesday, 22 October 2014

Blood on his hands: Brazilian murderer 'who killed 39 women' is pictured caged in prison as he admits he became a killer 'because he was sexually abused'

  • Tiago Henrique Gomes da Rocha, 26, has confessed to killing 39 people
  • This includes 16 women as well as homeless people and transvestites
  • Nine-month random killing spree ended last week when he was arrested
  • He reportedly called wardens and told them he was 'in the mood to kill'
 Behind bars: Tiago Henrique Gomes da Rocha, 26, is pictured in a Brazilian prison after becoming one of the world's youngest serial killers. His wrists are bloody after he attempted to slash them on a broken light bulb

Brazilian serial killer: Tiago Henrique Gomes da Rocha (left), 26, has admitted to murdering at least 39 people, including 16 women as well as homeless people and transvestites

With his blood-covered arms sticking out through the bars of his prison cell, Tiago Henrique Gomes da Rocha has admitted to murdering at least 39 people - including 16 women as well as homeless people and transvestites.

The 26-year-old Brazilian serial killer, whose wrists were covered in his own blood after he attempted to slash them with a broken light bulb, has claimed he became a murderer because he was sexually abused as a child.

His nine-month random killing spree in Goiania, central Brazil, ended last week when he was arrested following a massive police manhunt.
From his prison cell, Da Rocha told journalist James Young in The Sun: ‘I had an ordinary childhood until I was 11. Then I was sexually abused by a neighbour. After that I felt like I was nothing.

‘I felt the anger growing in me from that moment on. I’d started drinking a lot too. When I was 22, I couldn’t stop myself anymore. It was like I had to do it.’
Meanwhile it was also revealed yesterday that Da Rocha speed reads books from back to front.

The killer, who is being kept temporarily in a single cell in a prison in the city, reportedly called wardens in the early hours of yesterday and told them he was ‘in the mood to kill’.

Police chief Eduardo Prado told Brazil's Globo G1 website: ‘He asked the agents if he would answer criminally if he were to kill one of the other inmates.
‘We found this attitude very strange, as well as the disjointed things he's always saying.’
He added that, during the early hours of yesterday, Da Rocha read 40 magazines in quick succession - and from back to front.

He said: ‘It was a curious thing that he would read from the back forwards and very quickly, as if it were a task he was being made to do, reading aloud.’

He said that Da Rocha needs to be watched all the time: ‘Our concern is with observing him constantly inside the cell. He has no love for himself, he has already attempted suicide.

‘Always, when I am in the room, he asks for dental floss. I ask if is to kill himself with and he gives a sarcastic laugh.

‘Truly, when he is transferred to a long-term prison, that prison's management will have to have a very robust and more methodical control of the situation, which is actually highly dangerous.’

Da Rocha is alleged to have shot all his victims dead from a motorbike. They include a 14-year-old girl killed at a bus stop in February and two women in their mid-twenties murdered in May.

Officers swooped on Gomes da Rocha after discovering he was facing trial for stealing the numberplate on a motorbike at a supermarket in Goiania in January.
Days later he was stopped by police riding a motorbike with a fake plate.
The suspected murder weapon, a.38 revolver, was seized from the home he shared with his mum during a search along with a motorbike and stolen plates.

Speaking to Brazil's Jornal Nacional news programme on TV Globo, Da Rocha said he was motivated by ‘a great anger’ and that killing was the only way to ‘get it out of his system.’

He said: ‘I tried to do other things to get it out, but they didn't work’. He added: ‘When the thing comes and you have to do it. There's no way of explaining it.'


Tuesday, 21 October 2014

JK amlilia Meja Jenerali Lupogo


Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania na Amiri Jeshi Mkuu, Mheshimiwa Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete ametuma salamu za rambirambi na pole nyingi kwa Mkuu wa Majeshi ya Ulinzi nchini, Jenerali Davis Mwamunyange kuomboleza kifo cha Meja Jenerali Herman Cornel Lupogo ambaye aliaga dunia Jumapili, Oktoba 19, 2014, akiwa na umri wa miaka 76 katika Hospitali Kuu ya Jeshi ya Lugalo, Dar es Salaam, ambako alikuwa anapata matibabu.

Katika salamu zake, Mheshimiwa Kikwete amemweleza Meja Jenerali Lupogo kama mzalendo halisi, ofisa mtiifu wa Jeshi la Ulinzi la Wananchi wa Tanzania (JWTZ) aliyeitumikia nchi yake kwa moyo wote na wakati wote na ambaye ataendelea kuvikumbusha vizazi vingi vya Watanzania maana halisi ya mapenzi kwa nchi yao.

Amesema Rais Kikwete katika salamu hizo za rambirambi: “Nimepokea kwa huzuni nyingi taarifa za kifo cha Meja Jenerali Herman Cornel Lupogo ambaye nimejulishwa kuwa alipoteza maisha juzi katika Hospitali Kuu ya Jeshi la Lugalo. Kwa hakika, taifa letu limempoteza Mtanzania halisi, ofisa mtiifu wa Jeshi la Ulinzi la Wananchi wa Tanzania ambaye ataendelea kuvikumbusha vizavi vingi vya Watanzania maana halisi ya mapenzi kwa nchi yao.”

Amesisitiza Rais Kikwete: “Tokea alipojiunga na Jeshi la Ulinzi la Wananchi wa Tanzania Julai 23, mwaka 1965 hadi alipostaafu utumishi wake Septemba 11, 1992 baada ya kulitumikia Jeshi kwa miaka 28, miezi minne na siku 13, Meja Jenerali Lupogo alionyesha weledi mkubwa wa kazi ya Jeshi na mapenzi makubwa ya kutumikia nchi yake. Alikuwa Ofisa wa mfano.”

“Nakutumia wewe Mkuu wa Majeshi ya Ulinzi salamu zangu za rambirambi kuomboleza kifo hiki. Najiunga nawe, maofisa wote wakuu, maofisa wadogo na wapiganaji wote kumlilia Meja Jenerali Lupogo. Napenda mjue kuwa niko nanyi katika msiba huu mkubwa,” amesema Rais Kikwete na kuongeza: “Aidha, kupitia kwako, napenda kufikisha salamu za rambirambi za dhati ya moyo wangu kwa wanafamilia wote wa Meja Jenerali Lupogo kwa kuondokewa na mhimili wa familia yao. Niko nao katika majonzi ya msiba huu mkubwa. Niko nao katika kumwomba Mwenyezi Mungu, Mwingi wa Rehema, aiweke pema roho ya Marehemu Meja Jenerali Herman Cornel Lupogo. Amina.”

Imetolewa na;
Kurugenzi ya Mawasiliano ya Rais,
Ikulu – Dar es Salaam.
21 Oktoba,2014

Simulizi za polisi kuua gaidi Arusha


Mkazi wa Mianzini, jijini Arusha, Yahaya Sendei (31), anayedaiwa kuwa kiongozi wa watuhumiwa ulipuaji mabomu nchini na umwagiaji tindikali watu, ameuawa kwa kupigwa risasi na polisi wakati akidaiwa kujaribu kuruka kwenye gari lao kwa lengo la kutoroka.

Kamanda wa Polisi Mkoa wa Arusha,  Liberatus Sabas (pichani),  jana alisema kuwa mtuhumiwa huyo aliuawa  juzi  saa 5:30 usiku katika barabara ya Arusha- Babati eneo la Kisongo, wilayani Monduli, wakati wakimpeleka kijijini alikozaliwa Chemchem, wilaya ya Kondoa, mkoa  Dodoma, kuwaonyesha askari bomu jingine aliloficha.

Alidai kuwa, mtuhumiwa huyo ambaye inadaiwa wakati wa uhai wake alikuwa mwalimu wa karate na judo ni mwasisi na kinara wa matukio ya ugaidi yaliyotokea jijini Arusha, Zanzibar, Mwanza na Dar es Salaam.

“Huyu tulimpata kutokana na intelejensia imara ya polisi ya kisasa na ya hali ya juu na tulimkamata mkoani Morogoro Oktoba 6, mwaka huu na kusafirishwa Oktoba 11 mwaka huu kuletwa Arusha na alipohojiwa alikiri kuhusika na kuratibu matukio ya ugaidi na alikuwa akijificha kwenye nyumba tofauti na porini, ” alisema kamanda huyo.

Alidai mtuhumiwa huyo alipigwa risasi kwenye mguu wa kulia na kalio la kulia alipojaribu kutumia uzoefu wake wa kuruka judo na kupiga karate kutaka kuwazidi polisi ili atoroke na kwamba alifia njiani wakati akipelekwa Hospitali ya Mkoa wa Arusha ya Mount Meru kwa matibabu.

Hata hivyo, hakueleza sababu za kumpiga risasi mtuhumiwa huyo ambaye hakuwa na silaha yoyote na kama alijeruhi askari yeyote zaidi ya kudai kuwa maiti yake imehifadhiwa hospitalini hapo kwa uchunguzi zaidi na kusubiri ndugu kuichukua kwa maziko.
Vile vile Kamanda Sabas hakueleza kama hatua ya kuuawa kwa mtuhumiwa huyo muhimu itawakosesha polisi taarifa muhimu katika mchakato wa upelelezi wao.

Awali Kamanda huyo alitaja baadhi ya matukio ambayo mtuhumiwa huyo inadaiwa alikiri kuhusika nayo kuwa ni la Oktoba 25 mwaka 2012 lililotokea saa 5:30 usiku katika mtaa wa Kanisani Paloti, kata ya Sokoini One, jijini Arusha.

Katika tukio hilo, yeye na wenzake inadaiwa walitega bomu kwenye chumba cha Sheikh Abdulkarim Idd Jonjo (52) nyumbani kwake na kumjeruhi baada ya kulipuka.
Inadaiwa tukio la pili na wenzake ambao wamefikishwa mahakamani, lilitokea Mei 5 mwaka jana saa 10:30 maeneo ya Kanisa la Katoliki la Mtakatifu Joseph Mfanyakazi lililopo Olasiti jijini Arusha.

Katika tukio hilo inadaiwa kuwa  aliratibu kurushwa kwa bomu na kusababisha vifo vya watu watatu na kujeruhi  56.

Juni 15 mwaka 2013 saa 11:50 jioni katika viwanja vya Soweto, kata ya Kaloleni, jijini Arusha na wenzake, wanadaiwa kurusha bomu na kuua watu wanne, kujeruhi 60.
 Julai 11 mwaka 2013  saa 5:00 eneo la Kwa Mrombo, jijini Arusha na wenzake wanadaiwa walimwagia tindikali usoni Sheikh Said Juma Makamba.

Februari 12 mwaka 2014 saa 3:45  katika eneo la Tindigani, Unga Ltd, jijini humo,  kwenye msikiti wa Sawiyatu Qadiria, wanadaiwa kumwagia tindikali usoni Sheikh Hassan Bashir.
 Februari 28 mwaka 2014 saa 5:15 alfajiri katika msikiti wa Bondeni, wanadaiwa kumwagia tindikali Mistapha Mohamed Kiago na kumjeruhi usoni na shingoni.

Aprili 13 mwaka 2014 saa 1:30 usiku, eneo la Mianzini kwenye nyumba ya wageni na Baa ya Niht Park, wanadaiwa walirusha bomu na kujeruhi watu 11 na kusababisha kifo cha mmoja.
Aprili 13 mwaka 2014 la saa 5:00 katika eneo la Majengo, jijini Arusha, anadaiwa alirusha bomu kwa kushirikiana na wenzake na kuwajeruhi watu wawili Sudi Ali Sudi (37) ambaye ni Mkurugenzi wa Answar Muslim Kanda ya Kaskazini na mwenzake Muhaji Hussein Kifea (38),  mkazi wa Dar es Salaam. Julai 7 mwaka huu,  saa 4:15 usiku eneo la
Uzunguni, mgahawa wa Vama Traditional Indian, uliopo jirani na Viwanja vya Gymkhana, wanadaiwa walirusha bomu na kujeruhi watu wanane.

Kamanda huyo polisi alisema wanaendelea kuwasaka watuhumiwa wengine wanaojihusisha na kikundi hicho ambacho mtuhumiwa huyo alikiri kuendesha mafunzo ya karate na judo kwenye baadhi ya misikiti jijini Arusha.

Hata hivyo, alisema vikundi hivyo vimesambaratishwa na polisi.
 Alitoa wito kwa wananchi kutoa taarifa polisi ili kuendelea kudumisha amani jijini Arusha na maeneo mengine ya nchini.

“Hawa watu hawakuwa wanafadhiliwa nje ya nchi  ila walikuwa wanajifadhili wenyewe na kwa faida zao wenyewe” alisema Kamanda Sabas.

NA CYNTHIA MWILOLEZI
CHANZO: NIPASHE

Miaka 5 jela kwa Oscar Pistorius


Mwanariadha wa Afrika Kusini Oscar Pistorius amehukumiwa jela miaka 5 baada ya kupatikana na hatia ya kumuua mpenziwe Reeva Steenkamp.

Hii ni baada ya mwanariadha huyo mlemavu kupatikana na hatia ya mauaji bila ya kukusudia.

Jaji aliyetoa hukumu hiyo,Thokozile Masipa,alianza kutoa kauli yake ya mwisho kabla ya kutoa hukumu saa mbili na nusu asubuhi na akasema ni changamoto kubwa kwake kupata adhabu ambayo itaridhisha pande zote kwenye kesi hiyo.

Upande wa mashitaka ulitaka mwanariadha huyo kupewa kifungo cha miaka 10 gerezani baada ya kupatikana na makosa ya kuua bila kukusudia.

Pistorius alisema kuwa alifyatua risasi baada ya kudhani kuwa jambazi alikuwa amevamia nyumba yake.

Upande wa mashitaka ulisisitiza Pistorius afungwe jela wakati wakili wa Pistorius wakimtaka jaji ampe kifungo cha nyumbani cha miaka mitatu na pia apewe usaidizi na ushauri wa kubadili tabia yake.

Jaji alisema kuwa Pistorius asingepewa adhabu ya kifungo cha nyumbani kwani hukumu kama hiyo ingekuwa hatua mbaya na mfano mbaya kwa wahalifu.

Chanzo - BBC Swahili

The boy who sees without eyes


Monday, 20 October 2014

The danger of common childhood illnesses: Tonsillitis and ear infections 'can cause hearing loss in later life'

  • Famous Newcastle-based study monitored babies from 1947 to present day
  • Participants now in their 60s had hearing tested revealing clear connection
  • Tonsillitis, ear infections and bronchitis in early life all linked to hearing loss

The Newcastle Thousand Families Study claims common childhood illnesses such as tonsillitis and ear infections can cause hearing loss later in life

Common childhood illnesses such as tonsillitis and ear infections can cause hearing loss later in life, according to results from a famous study.

The Newcastle Thousand Families Study monitored 1,142 Newcastle-born babies from 1947 to the present day, measuring their health, growth and development.

A quarter of the participants, who are now in their 60s, have had their hearing tested and the results show those who had infections as children were more likely to have hearing loss.

Dr Mark Pearce, who led the study at the Institute of Health and Society at Newcastle University, said: 'Our findings show that those who suffered from infections as a child were more likely to have a hearing loss in their 60s. 

'Reducing childhood infection rates may help prevent hearing loss later in life.

'This study shows the importance of the Newcastle birth cohorts, with the study initially focusing on childhood infections. 

'The study is nearly 70 years old and continues to make a major contribution to understanding health conditions, which is only possible through the continued contribution of cohort members.'

Tonsillitis, ear infections and multiple episodes of bronchitis occurring in the first year of life were linked to the condition.

Dr Ralph Holme, Head of Biomedical Research at Action on Hearing Loss, said: 'Hearing loss affects as many as one in six people across the UK and is often seen as just another sign of getting old.

'However, the study shows that this is not necessarily the case; illnesses in childhood could have long-lasting consequences for hearing in later life.

'Hearing loss can have a big impact on a person's life, isolating them from family and friends, and has been linked to other health conditions like depression and dementia. 

'These findings remind us that it's never too early to think about protecting your hearing.'

Planning for the study began in the 1930s when Newcastle had a high infant mortality rate compared with the rest of the UK.

The start of the study was delayed by the Second World War, but got under way in May 1947 when recruitment began for a one-year study of health in infancy.

Mdee amshukia Chenge


Baraza la Wanawake la Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo  (Bawacha), limemshukia aliyekuwa Mwenyekiti wa Kamati ya Uandishi ya Bunge Maalum la Katiba (BMK), Andrew Chenge, kwamba hakuwa na sifa za kusimamia uandishi wa Katiba iliyopendekezwa na Bunge hilo.

Kauli hiyo ilitolewa na Mwenyekiti wa Bawacha, Halima Mdee, ambaye pia ni Mbunge wa Kawe ambapo alisema Chenge na wenzake, wamechakachua maoni ya wananchi na kupenyeza maoni yao ili kulinda maslahi yao.

Mdee aliyasema hayo juzi jioni wakati akihutubia mkutano mkubwa wa hadhara kwenye uwanja wa Furahisha ikiwa ni sehemu ya ziara ya Bawacha katika mikoa ya Kanda ya Ziwa Magharibi ya kuwaelimisha wananchi kuhusu mchakato wa Katiba mpya na kuwashawishi waikatae Katiba iliyopendekezwa na BMK kwa kuipigia kura ya hapana kwa kuwa imeacha maoni ya wananchi.

Katika mkutano huo ambao wakazi wengi wa Jiji la Mwanza walijitokeza, Mdee alisema lilikuwa ni kosa kubwa kumpa Chenge jukumu kuandika Katiba kwa kuwa rekodi yake ya utumishi wa umma inaonyesha kwamba anakabiliwa na tuhuma za kukosa uadilifu, hivyo asingeweza kukubali maoni ya wananchi ya kuwadhibiti viongozi wanaokwenda kinyume cha maadili.

Mdee alisema kuwa Chenge alichukua jukumu la kuongoza Kamati ya Uandishi ili kuzima maoni yaliyotolewa na wananchi kupitia Rasimu ya Tume ya Mabadiliko ya Katiba chini ya Uenyekiti wa Jaji Joseph Warioba, ambayo pamoja na mambo mengine, ilipendekeza kuwabana vigogo kufungua akaunti nje ya nchi.

“Lilikuwa kosa kubwa sana kumpa jukumu hilo, kama mzee wa vijisenti isingekuwa rahisi kuacha kama yalivyo maoni yaliyokuwa yamependekezwa na wananchi kwa kuwa anajua yangewabana katika kufanikisha mambo yao,” alisema Mdee.

“Chenge  na wenzake wamechakachua maoni ya wananchi na kupenyeza ya kwao pamoja na kumpa Rais madaraka makubwa ili kufanikisha mambo yao, waliogopa kwamba wangeacha maoni ya wananchi ya kupunguza madaraka ya Rais ya kuteua viongozi mambo yao yasingefanikiwa,” alisema Mdee.

Aliongeza kuwa Chenge hawezi kutenganishwa na mikataba mibovu ambayo Tanzania imeingia na kuisababishia athari kubwa kwa kuwa alihusika kuisaini akiwa Mwanasheria Mkuu wa Serikali na kwamba alipoulizwa kuhusiana na fedha kiasi cha Dola za Marekani milioni moja zilizokutwa ughaibuni zilizotokana na mkataba wa ununuzi wa rada ya kijeshi kutoka Uingereza katika akaunti yake, alisema kuwa ni vijisenti.

“Watanzania hawatakubali kuona Katiba yao inachakachuliwa,” alisema huku kundi kubwa la wananchi waliokuwa katika mkutano huo wakinyoosha mikono ya kupinga Katiba iliyopendekezwa na Bunge Maalum la Katiba.

Aliongeza: “Hawa wanataka kuendesha nchi kihunihuni kama wanavyotaka wao, na sisi hatutakubali, tutaenda nao hivyo hivyo kihunihuni.”
Kadhalika, alisema wamempatia madaraka makubwa Rais ya kuteua viongozi ili kulinda maslahi yao.

Rasimu ya Jaji Warioba ilipendekeza Rais apunguziwe madaraka ya kuteua viongozi kwa kupendekezwa kuwa baadhi ya taasisi zitumike kupendekeza majina ya viongozi kabla ya kuteuliwa pamoja na Bunge kupewa madaraka ya kuthibitisha uteuzi wa viongozi waandamizi wa serikali.

Hata hivyo, BMK lilipindua mapendekezo hayo na kupendekeza kwamba viongozi ambao uteuzi wao utapaswa kuendelea kuthibitishwa na Bunge ni Waziri Mkuu na Makamu wa Rais aliyechaguliwa na Rais (Running Mate) pale ambapo atapoteza sifa ya kuendelea na wadhifa wake na kuteuliwa mwingine.

Viongozi ambao Tume ya Warioba ilipendekeza uteuzi wake uthibitishwe na Bunge ni mawaziri na manaibu mawaziri, katibu mkuu kiongozi, mwanasheria mkuu wa serikali, jaji mkuu na naibu wake, mtendaji mkuu wa mahakama, katibu wa tume ya utumishi wa umma, mwenyekiti wa tume huru ya uchaguzi na makamu wake, msajili wa vyama vya siasa, mdhibiti na mkaguzi mkuu wa hesabu za serikali na mwenyekiti wa tume ya haki za binadamu na makamu wake.

Chenge alipotafutwa kwa simu jana hakupatikana baada ya simu yake kuita bila majibu.

Katibu Mkuu wa Bawacha, Grace Tendega, alisema wako tayari kuzunguka nchi nzima kuwaelimisha wananchi kuhakikisha hawaipitishi Katiba hiyo.

Alisema Bawacha watahakikisha wanapambana kukomesha uchakachuaji wa maoni ya wananchi kwa kushirikisha nguvu kubwa ya Watanzania milioni 40 wanaowaunga mkono.

“Haijalishi kwamba wabunge wetu katika Bunge la Katiba walikuwa wachache na CCM wakatumia nafasi hiyo kuchakachua maoni ya wananchi, nataka niwaambie kwamba sisi hatujali hiyo kwa kuwa tunao Watanzania wengi wanaotuunga mkono ambao hawajafurahishwa na uchakachuaji huo, tutakaoungana nao kuhakikisha katiba hiyo haipiti,” alisema Tendega.

Ziara hiyo ya viongozi wa Bawacha ililitetemesha Jiji la Mwanza baada ya wakazi wa Jiji hilo juzi jioni kulazimika kusimamisha shughuli zao kwa zaidi ya saa moja kupisha msafara mkubwa uliosindikiza viongozi hao waliokuwa wakielekea katika ofisi za Kanda za Chadema baada ya mkutano huo huku wakiimba nyimbo mbalimbali na kusababisha daladala na magari yaliyokuwa yakitumia barabara ya kuelekea Uwanja wa Ndege kusimama kwa muda.

BY ELIZABETH ZAYA
SOURCE: NIPASHE